Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall C & D
*Purpose: In pig-to-baboon organ xenotransplantation, coagulation dysfunction and inflammation have been suggested to be associated with acute humoral xenograft rejection. We have evaluated platelet counts, plasma fibrinogen, and parameters of inflammation as indicators of xenograft failure in baboons with kidney and heart grafts from genetically engineered pigs.
*Methods: Blood chemistry, hematologic, immune, and inflammatory parameters were measured in recipient baboons (n=16) with organs (heart or kidney) from α1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout pigs expressing human complement- and coagulation- regulatory proteins.
*Results: Thrombocytopenia and reduction of fibrinogen level were observed in baboons developing graft failure, and these significantly correlated with histopathologic findings of glomerular (platelet; P<0.01, fibrinogen; P<0.05), interstitial (P<0.05) thrombosis and vasculitis (P<0.05) in the graft. Not infrequently, in baboons with pig kidney grafts, a consumptive coagulopathy developed prior to a rise in serum creatinine. In contrast, when kidney graft survival was prolonged, no changes were observed in platelet count or fibrinogen. Indicators of the inflammatory response, particularly the serum amyloid A (SAA) assay, increased when graft failure was developing. There were no changes in immune parameters, e.g., T or B cell counts or phenotypes, that indicated graft failure.
*Conclusions: When xenotransplantation is introduced clinically, noninvasive parameters (e.g., platelet count, fibrinogen level, SAA) will provide more reliable indicators of impending xenograft failure than measurements of immune parameters or organ function, e.g., serum creatinine.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Iwase H, Jagdale A, Yamamoto T, Zhang G, Li Q, Foote J, Ayares D, Hara H, Cooper DK. Indicators of Impending Pig Organ Xenograft Failure: Relevance to Clinical Xenotransplantation [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/indicators-of-impending-pig-organ-xenograft-failure-relevance-to-clinical-xenotransplantation/. Accessed September 24, 2021.
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