Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall C & D
*Purpose: Achieving transplant tolerance with regulatory T cell (Treg) adoptive immunotherapy is currently under investigation as a therapy to reduce graft rejection and improve long-term outcomes. Previously, our lab and others have shown that engineering Tregs to be antigen-specific using chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) technology against HLA-A*02:01 (A2) could be used to effectively abrogate organ rejection. However, in our initial studies the antigen-binding region (scFV) of the A2- CAR was derived from the mouse BB7.2 hybridoma. Here we sought to systematically define the antigen-specificity of the A2-CAR as well as humanize the sequence to minimize the risk of immunogenicity.
*Methods: We designed 20 humanized versions of the A2-CAR and systematically tested them to determine which were highly expressed on the surface of human Tregs and capable of mediating A2-stimulated activation, expansion, and suppression. We also developed a novel method to systematically, and comprehensively test HLA-allele specificity.
*Results: Of the 20 humanized A2-CARs, 10 were expressed on Tregs and retained A*02:01 binding capacity. We used a series of functional screens to define which of these 10 A2-CARs most effectively stimulated Treg activation, proliferation and suppression. We then took advantage of the Panel Reactive Antibody assay (One Lambda) and created a new method to test CAR-expressing Tregs to bind to specific HLA-alleles. We found that the majority of the humanized A2-CARs had a significantly reduced reactivity to binding to alleles other than A*02:01. We also tested the biological relevance of HLA cross reactivity by stimulating A2-CAR expressing Tregs with cell lines expressing different HLA alleles. Ultimately, six humanized anti-A2 CARs showed the desired properties, with an ability to activate Tregs, bind to HLA-A2 but not to a comprehensive panel of other common A or B alleles. The potent ability of one of these variants to suppress rejection was confirmed in a humanized model of xenogeneic graft-versus-host disease.
*Conclusions: We successfully developed a series of humanized A2-CARs which were comprehensively screened for desirable properties to generate antigen-specific Tregs. This body of pre-clinical data will support the development of a first-in-human clinical trial of A2-CAR-engineered Tregs to prevent organ allograft rejection.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Lamarche C, Dawson N, Bergqvist P, Hoeppli R, Mojibian M, Feung V, Huang Q, Gillies J, Orban P, Levings M. Systematic Testing and Specificity Mapping of Alloantigen-Specific Chimeric Antigen Receptors in T Regulatory Cells [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/systematic-testing-and-specificity-mapping-of-alloantigen-specific-chimeric-antigen-receptors-in-t-regulatory-cells/. Accessed May 18, 2021.
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