Session Time: 2:30pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-3:42pm
Location: Room 606/607
Background: IL-21 is a cytokine expressed almost exclusively by cells of the adaptive immune system, making it an attractive target for reducing chronic allograft rejection while avoiding innate immune side effects. Our work has shown that IL-21 signaling is critical for maintaining T-cell survival under IL-2 deprivation conditions as well as in sustaining autoimmune responses to islets and cardiac allografts. Methods/Results: We performed heart transplants in IL21-/-, BATF-/-, and wild-type B6 mouse recipients with or without transient therapy with an IL-21 receptor fusion protein (IL21R.Fc). Donor class-II mismatched Bm12 heart allografts were protected from chronic rejection in IL21-/- mice (>100 days) but not in control B6 mice (56.3 ± 22.9 days; p<0.001). In contrast, both IL21-/- and B6 mice acutely rejected fully mismatched Balb/c cardiac allografts (<10 days). The central role of IL-21 signaling in chronic rejection was also seen in BATF-/- mice (>100 days), which lack IL-21/T helper 17 (Th17), and in IL21R.Fc treated B6 recipients of Bm12 heart allografts (>100 days). Allografts in IL21-/- mice develop significantly fewer tertiary lymphoid organs (TLOs) than do allografts in control B6 mice. Furthermore, the presence of IL-21 or its signaling components influenced the architecture of TLOs with respect to size and composition. Conclusion: Three separate models (B6IL-21-/-,B6BATF-/-,and IL-21R.Fc therapy) demonstrated that IL-21 is required for the development of chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV); IL-21 promotes T cell survival in CAV and regulates the creation of TLOs within the heart allograft; the BATF-deficient model suggests that IL-21/Th17 cells are involved in CAV; and, development of CAV may be prevented through a therapy with IL-21R.Fc fusion protein.
CITATION INFORMATION: Breidenbach J., Baum C., Schroder P., Stepkowski S. IL-21 Regulates Creation of Tertiary Lymphoid Organs in Chronic Allograft Rejection Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Breidenbach J, Baum C, Schroder P, Stepkowski S. IL-21 Regulates Creation of Tertiary Lymphoid Organs in Chronic Allograft Rejection [abstract]. https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/il-21-regulates-creation-of-tertiary-lymphoid-organs-in-chronic-allograft-rejection-2/. Accessed January 29, 2020.
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