Date: Saturday, May 30, 2020
Session Time: 3:15pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-4:00pm
*Purpose: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most important viral infection in organ recipients and can cause life-threatening infections, compromising long-term graft function. Most transplant centers use prophylactic therapy in patients considered to be of high risk for CMV infection (D+/R- status) for 3 to 6 months after transplant. The clinical course of CMV infections is poorly described. Our study aims to determine factors associated with early (defined as a diagnosis within 3 months of transplant) and delayed-onset CMV disease and association of CMV with outcomes (graft failure, biopsy proven rejection and death) among kidney transplant recipients.
*Methods: We perform a retrospective study of 3129 patients who received a kidney at our center between 2000 and 2017. Patients were stratified according to recipient/donor CMV serology status at the time of transplant. Donor and recipient demographics, incidence of organ rejection, graft failure, patient mortality, CMV infection after transplant (early and delayed onset) and renal function were determined using our institute electronic database. CMV infection was defined as evidence of CMV replication (viremia) regardless of symptoms, and CMV syndrome was defined as the presence of 1 or more of the following, together with evidence of CMV viremia: fever, new malaise, leukopenia (<3500/µL), thrombocytopenia (<150,000/µL), or elevation of hepatic transaminases.
*Results: Table.1 shows recipient demographics stratified by D/R CMV serology status. The incidence of early and delayed CMV infection and CMV syndrome among D+/R- recipients was significantly higher compared to other groups. This association was confirmed in regression analysis model. Patients who developed early and late CMV infection and CMV syndrome were more likely to have confirmed biopsy rejections (OR: 2.5; p= 0.01 & OR: 2.7; p=0.0001, respectively). In Cox Hazards Model, we found significant association between early CMV infection and CMV syndrome and risk of mortality (HR=1.75, 95% C.I. 1.03-2.9 , p=0.038 and HR=1.76, 95% C.I. 1.01-3.1 ,p=0.043 , respectively).
*Conclusions: On long-term follow-up, CMV infection is more prevalent among seronegative patients who received a graft from seropositive donors (CMV D+/R-).Early and delayed onset of CMV infection or syndrome can adversely affect graft function and patient survival. We need more aggressive prophylaxis and post-transplant screening for high-risk patients. Development of CMV vaccine may help CMV negative recipients in the future.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Tavakol MM, Lee B, Ashimine S, Crossman H, Park M, Laszik Z, Roberts J. Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of Early and Late-Onset Cytomegalovirus Infection Following Universal Prophylaxis in Kidney Transplant Recipients [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-early-and-late-onset-cytomegalovirus-infection-following-universal-prophylaxis-in-kidney-transplant-recipients/. Accessed March 4, 2021.
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