Date: Monday, May 4, 2015
Session Name: Poster Session C: Psychosocial and Treatment Adherence
Session Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Location: Exhibit Hall E
Background: Research has indicated that adherence to medication in patients with liver transplant is poor and considered as one of the main barriers to the benefit of optimal care for patients with liver transplant.
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with medication adherence and to explore the association between patient satisfaction and medication adherence in patients with liver transplant.
Methods: The present study data was collected for patients at the King Abdul Aziz Medical City. Eligible patients were asked to sign a consent form if they were willing to participate in the study. Variables collected included sociodemographics, disease and treatment factors, and patient's level of satisfaction in addition to medication adherence. Independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out to find association between continuous variables and categorical variables respectively.
Results: A total of 154 patients participated in the study. Results indicated that 40.3% of the participants were non-adherent. Age (59.11 ± 11.23 for adherent group Vs. 54.75 ± 15.18 for non-adherent group) was significantly associated with medication adherence (P<0.05). Results demonstrated that number of prescribed medications (8.97 ±4.92 for adherent group Vs. 10.03 ±5.63 for non-adherent group) was significantly associated with medication non-adherence (p<0.05). The mean treatment satisfaction score was 91.92 ± 12.69 in Effectiveness domain, 79.95 ± 25.87 in Side effects domain, 83.51 ± 15.69 in Convenience domain and 94.60 ± 8.58 in Global satisfaction domains. Results also indicated a significant association between medication adherence and all patient satisfaction domains (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Older participants and those who are prescribed less medications tend to have better adherence to the prescribed medications. Furthermore, patients who were more satisfied with the prescribed treatment were found to have improved medication adherence.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Albekairy A, Alkatheri A, Khalidi N, Thiab K, Jarab A, Qandil A, Alshaya A, BinSaleh K. Medication Adherence and Treatment Satisfaction in Liver Transplant Recipients [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2015; 15 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/medication-adherence-and-treatment-satisfaction-in-liver-transplant-recipients/. Accessed July 4, 2020.
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