Date: Saturday, June 2, 2018
Session Time: 5:30pm-7:30pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-7:30pm
Location: Hall 4EF
This study evaluated the impact of DSA on clinical outcomes in KT recipients negative on FCXM. Of 575 consecutive patients who underwent living donor KT between January 2013 and July 2016, 494 (85.9%) were DSA-negative and 81 (14.1%) were DSA-positive. Although rates of acute cellular rejection (ACR) at 1 year were similar in the two groups (P = 0.54), the incidence of antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) was significantly higher in the DSA-positive group (P< 0.01). Kaplan–Meier analysis showed no significant differences in GS(P = 0.30) and DCGS (P = 0.40) ratesbetween DSA-positive and DSA-negative recipients. However, PS (P= 0.025) showed inferior outcomes in DSA-positive compared with DSA-negative patients. There was no statistically significant association between rejection-free graft survival (RFGS) rates and pretransplant class I DSA. However, evaluation of pretransplant class II DSA showed that RFGS rates were significantly lower in patients with MFI >3000 than DSA negative (P< 0.01). On multivariate analyses, class II DSA MFI ≥5000 was a significant risk factor for acute rejection (hazard ratio, 7.48; P < 0.01).
|HR (95% CI)||Pvalue|
|Maximum DSA MFI ≥ 3000 vs. <1000||2.55 (1.02–6.39)||0.05|
|Class I DSA MFI ≥ 3000 vs. <1000||1.38 (0.33–5.75)||0.66|
|Class I DSA MFI ≥ 5000 vs. 1000||2.60 (0.62–10.89)||0.19|
|Class II DSA MFI ≥ 3000 vs. <1000||3.79 (0.84–17.07)||0.08|
|Class II DSA MFI ≥ 5000 vs < 1000||7.48 (1.66–33.62)||<0.01|
These findings suggested that pretransplant DSA alone did not affect graft survival in KT recipients without desensitization. However, class II DSA MFI >5000 was an independent predictor of acute rejection in patients DSA positive.
CITATION INFORMATION: Kwon H., Kim Y., Choi J., Shin S., Jung J., Cho M., Kim J., Han D. Impact of Pretransplant Donor-Specific Antibodies on Kidney Allograft Recipients with Negative Flow Cytometry Crossmatches Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Kwon H, Kim Y, Choi J, Shin S, Jung J, Cho M, Kim J, Han D. Impact of Pretransplant Donor-Specific Antibodies on Kidney Allograft Recipients with Negative Flow Cytometry Crossmatches [abstract]. https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/impact-of-pretransplant-donor-specific-antibodies-on-kidney-allograft-recipients-with-negative-flow-cytometry-crossmatches/. Accessed February 23, 2019.
« Back to 2018 American Transplant Congress