Date: Monday, June 4, 2018
Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall 4EF
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) continues to be a major problem for organ transplant recipients. T cells specific to the CMV antigens immediate-early (IE-1) and pp65 CMV govern the adaptive immune response to CMV.However, the characteristics of TCR repertoire conferring protection to CMV are not known. The aim of this study is to identify specificity groups in the IE-1-specific TCR repertoire of CMV seropositive A02:01 subjects. PBMC from three CMV seropositive, IE-1-ELISPOT+ A02:01 healthy subjects were stimulated with IE-1 peptides. Antigen-reactive T cells were FACS-sorted based on the expression of CD137 for CD8+ T cells and CD154 for CD4+ T cells, or the loss of CFSE expression in T cells that had been prelabeled with CFSE prior to stimulation. We sequenced the IE-1 specific TCRβ chains following TCRb CDR3 segment amplification using a PCR template switch methodology that minimizes bias through the use of unique molecular barcodes. IE-1 TCRb sequences were analyzed using the recently published Grouping of Lymphocyte Interactions Paratope Hotspots (GLIPH) algorithm.
We obtained so far a total of 2003 TCRβ sequences from IE-1-specific CD8+ T cells from three CMV seropositive subjects. The IE-1-specific TCR repertoire analysis revealed clonally expanded populations for two of the three subjects, with ~50% of the repertoire comprised of 1-10 dominant clones. In contrast, the corresponding non-IE-1 specific T cells had highly diverse TCR repertoires and a minimal number of expanded clones (< 1%). Analysis of all CD8+ IE-1-specific TCRβ sequences by GLIPH identified multiple possible clusters. The best scoring identity cluster grouped 95 TCR sequences across two subjects within either the CD137+, or the CFSE-populations. Interestingly, this cluster motif is present in a previously identified “public” IE-1 specific TCR sequence that binds to an HLA A2:01 restricted IE-1 epitope (VLEETSVML). Importantly, 58 TCR sequences were found to cluster across the IE-1-specific CD8+ T cell populations in all three donors.
Here we demonstrate the feasibility of characterizing the CMV-specific TCR repertoire in an antigen specific manner. This methodology has the potential to cluster and identify a conserved pattern among TCR that are responsible for controlling CMV replication in transplant patients.
CITATION INFORMATION: Lucia M., Rubelt F., Luque S., Krams S., Esquivel C., Bestard O., Martinez O. Identifying Specificity Groups in the CMV IE-1 T Cell Receptor Repertoire Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Lucia M, Rubelt F, Luque S, Krams S, Esquivel C, Bestard O, Martinez O. Identifying Specificity Groups in the CMV IE-1 T Cell Receptor Repertoire [abstract]. https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/identifying-specificity-groups-in-the-cmv-ie-1-t-cell-receptor-repertoire/. Accessed December 13, 2019.
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