Session Time: 4:30pm-6:00pm
Presentation Time: 5:06pm-5:18pm
Location: Room 304
Background: The efficacy of direct acting antiviral agents (DAA) for hepatitis C (HCV) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is limited. We hypothesized that virology cure (SVR12) is lower among patients with HCC. Mechanisms may include HCC as a viral reservoir, higher portal hypertension, or altered drug metabolism due to HCC/therapies.
Aim: To investigate SVR12 in cirrhotics with and without HCC treated with DAA from 01/2014 to 11/2015.
Methods: Patients were identified via pharmacy records. HCV treatment (tx) included: ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (SOF) 12/24 weeks+/-RBV (n=80); 3D+/-RBV (n=5); SOF/RBV (n=23); SOF/Daclatasvir (n=2), simeprevir/SOF+/-RBV (n=96). Multivariate logistic regression assessed factors associated with SVR12 failure.
Results: Of 206 patients, 59 (28.6%) had HCC and 26 (12.6%) had liver transplantation (LT). Characteristics are shown in table1 SVR12 was lower among HCC patients (70.4% vs. 88.5%) than those without HCC (p=0.002). Univariate predictors of HCV tx failure were higher MELD, male gender, lower platelets, and presence of HCC (p<0.05 for all). In multivariate analysis adjusted for age, gender, MELD, platelets, prior HCV tx and genotype, only male gender (OR=3.46, 95% CI: 1.08-11.10, P=0.04) and presence of HCC (OR 3.3, 95% CI: 1.27-8.56, p=0.01) were associated with HCV tx failure. Among the 26 treated LT recipients, 18 were transplanted for HCC and 20 were treated post LT with 17 available for SVR12 analysis (3 on Tx). SVR12 rate was 93.3% in HCC LT recipients. In contrast, SVR12 rate in patients with tumor present (non-resected or pre-LT) was 50%.
Conclusion: HCC is independently associated with a higher rate of HCV tx failure. Tx response post LT for HCC was excellent. Further research is need to determine the optimal tx regimen and timing of HCV tx in patients with HCC, particularly among those eligible for LT.
Non HCC (n=147)
Age, years, mean (SD)
Male sex, %
Body mass index (kg/m2)
Log HCV viral load
Prior HCV therapy
CITATION INFORMATION: Prenner S, VanWagner L, Kulik L. Hepatocellular Carcinoma Decreases Chance of Successful HCV Therapy in the Current Era. Am J Transplant. 2016;16 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Prenner S, VanWagner L, Kulik L. Hepatocellular Carcinoma Decreases Chance of Successful HCV Therapy in the Current Era. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2016; 16 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/hepatocellular-carcinoma-decreases-chance-of-successful-hcv-therapy-in-the-current-era/. Accessed June 1, 2020.
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