Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall C & D
*Purpose: Regulatory T (CD4+CD25HiFoxP3+) cells (Treg) are a very small subset of CD4+ T cells that have been shown to play an important role in immune regulation and induce tolerance in transplantation. Previously we have reported the increased number of Treg cells in peripheral blood of long-term cardiac xenograft survival recipients. However, in both kidney and liver transplantation in humans, FoxP3+ Tregs have also been associated with clinical rejection. Therefore, the role and function of graft infiltrating Tregs have been of great interest. In this study, we have examined the FoxP3+ Tregs in graft-infiltrating lymphocytes (GILS) from cardiac xenograft.
*Methods: Genetically engineered (GE) donor pig heart was heterotopically transplanted in 3-4-year-old specific pathogen free baboon (n=6). These GE pigs were alpha 1-3 galactosidase knockout, and had multiple combinations of transgenic expression of human complement inhibitory protein (CD46), thrombomodulin (TBM), endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), and decay accelerating factor (DAF) and protective gene against phagocytosis (CD47). Immunosuppression consisted of targeted T and B cell depletion and conventional anti-rejection agents. Immuno-phenotyping on GILS from explanted xenograft was performed to analyze the percentage of Treg cells with anti-human CD3, CD4, CD25, CD127, FoxP3 and Helios monoclonal antibodies.
*Results: Cardiac xenotransplantations were performed without complication. Baboons were extubated immediately following surgery and were active, eating, and generally well soon after. WBC and lymphocytes counts were low in recipients after the xenotransplantation due to immunosuppression but recovered in a few days to a normal level. Three of six cardiac xenografts were explanted after 115 days of cardiac xenotransplantation and GILS were examined. A small population of lymphocytes was seen in the all the explanted xenograft and CD4+CD25HiFoxP3+ Tregs were examined. We found an increased percentage of FoxP3+ Treg cells in GILS of a long-term survivor other 3 cardiac xenografts which did not survive longer did not have Tregs cells in GILS.
*Conclusions: Increased Treg in GILS long-term survivors is associated with improved cardiac xenograft function. Presence of Treg cells in long-term survivors might be controlling or inhibiting the activation/expansion of donor-reactive T cells.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Singh AK, Braileanu G, Hersfield A, DiChiacchio L, Zhang T, Tatarov I, Parsell D, Lewis B, Sentz F, Ayares D, Mohiuddin M. Graft-Infiltrating Regulatory T Cells Are Associated with Long Term Cardiac Xenograft Survival [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/graft-infiltrating-regulatory-t-cells-are-associated-with-long-term-cardiac-xenograft-survival/. Accessed September 18, 2021.
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