Session Name: Endothelial Cell Biology
Session Date & Time: None. Available on demand.
*Purpose: Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) are membranous structures produced by cells which contain different cytoplasmic compounds and that have been described as potentially pathogenic elements in endothelial dysfunction (ED) through a modification of the expression of endothelial receptors. The mechanisms of ED in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are not well defined, although EVs could have a key role. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the role of EVs in ED in patients with diabetes and ESKD in an in vitro model of ED.
*Methods: Cross-sectional study with sera from 11 patients with a mean age of 46±7.6 years (45% women) and CKD (eGFR 18±7 mL/min) due to diabetic nephropathy (DM1), grouped into 4 pools. The role of the EVs was studied in an in vitro model of ED with HMEC-1 cells exposed during 72 hours to supplemented medium with: a) patient sera (group 1/red), b) EVs-depleted patient sera (group 2/orange) and c) EVs-depleted control sera in which patient’s EVs were added (group 3/yellow). Changes in the expression of vWF and the membrane adhesion receptors VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were analyzed in the cells exposed to the different conditions, with respect to the healthy donor serum.
*Results: The expression of ED markers (vWF, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1) in cells exposed to patient serum (with or without EVs) was higher compared to that observed after exposure to control sera (vWF, p <0.01; Fig. 1A; VCAM-1, p <0.01; Fig. 1B; ICAM-1, p <0.01; Fig. 1C). Moreover, EVs depletion significantly decreases the expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM- 1 with respect to the patient's serum (Fig. 1B, p <0.01 and 1C, p <0.01), but not vWF expression.
*Conclusions: EVs increase endothelial damage through an increased VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression, both being inflammatory markers associated with leukocyte adhesion. Thus, EVs constitute a pathogenic element in ED in patients with DM1 and CKD.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Montagud-Marrahi E, Torramadé-Moix S, Ramirez-Bajo M, Rovira J, Bañón-Maneus E, Hermida E, Diekmann F, Palomo M, Díaz-Ricart M, Ventura-Aguiar P. Extracellular Vesicles from Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy Induce Endothelial Dysfunction Through Icam-1 and Vcam-1 in an In Vitro Model [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2021; 21 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/extracellular-vesicles-from-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-induce-endothelial-dysfunction-through-icam-1-and-vcam-1-in-an-in-vitro-model/. Accessed July 24, 2021.
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