Date: Saturday, June 2, 2018
Session Time: 5:30pm-7:30pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-7:30pm
Location: Hall 4EF
Background: Since acute rejection remains one of the major complications which necessitate periodic surveillance, noninvasive diagnostic/prognostic methods are preferred by renal transplant recipients. Here we explored whether urinary C-X-C motif chemokines 13 (CXCL13) could be a potential candidate to reflect ongoing immune processes within the renal graft.
Methods: We investigated urinary CXCL13 levels by a cross-sectional analysis of 146 renal allograft recipients and 40 healthy controls. Besides, a subset of patients (n = 57) were followed-up for kinetic monitoring of immune status.
Results: Urinary CXCL13/Cr was lower in normal transplants compared to those with acute tubular necrosis (ATN, P = 0.001), chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN, P = 0.01) and acute rejection (AR, P < 0.0001), which yielded a good diagnosis performance of urinary CXCL13 for AR (AUC = 0.818, P < 0.0001). Interestingly, urinary CXCL13 further distinguished acute antibody mediated rejection (ABMR) from acute cellular rejection, with an AUC of 0.856. Besides, patients with steroid-resistant acute rejection had distinctly greater urinary CXCL13/Cr levels than patients with reversible acute rejection, P = 0.001. Follow-up data revealed that urinary CXCL13/Cr varied in line with the occurrence of ABMR. Furthermore, elevated levels of urinary CXCL13/Cr within the first month was predictive of graft function at 3, 6 months, P = 0.044 and 0.4.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that monitoring of urinary CXCL13/Cr might be a valuable noninvasive approach for the detection of AR, especially ABMR. Additionally, high urinary CXCL13/Cr levels related to the poor response to steroid treatment and predicted a compromised graft function after AR.
CITATION INFORMATION: Chen D., Chen J. Urinary C-X-C Motif Chemokines 13 is a Noninvasive Biomarker of Antibody-Mediated Renal Allograft Rejection Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Chen D, Chen J. Urinary C-X-C Motif Chemokines 13 is a Noninvasive Biomarker of Antibody-Mediated Renal Allograft Rejection [abstract]. https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/urinary-c-x-c-motif-chemokines-13-is-a-noninvasive-biomarker-of-antibody-mediated-renal-allograft-rejection/. Accessed July 16, 2019.
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