Session Time: 4:30pm-6:00pm
Presentation Time: 5:06pm-5:18pm
Location: Room 206
*Purpose: Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following liver transplantation (LT) has a poor prognosis. We evaluated the impact of treatment modalities on post-recurrence survival.
*Methods: Adult patients from five US centers developing recurrent HCC following LT were analyzed (2001-2015). Cox proportional hazards model analyzed the effect of tumor and treatment factors on post-recurrence survival.
*Results: Of 2786 patients, 341 (12.2%) developed post-LT recurrence, most commonly involving lung (42%), allograft (34.3%), abdomen (31.4%), and bone (25.2%). Median time-to-recurrence and post-recurrence survival was 16.9 and 13.8 months, respectively, with worse 5-year survival for those with recurrent HCC (76% vs. 30%, p<0.001; Fig1A). One-hundred-one patients underwent surgical resection of lung(41.4%), abdominal (41.0%), bone (12.9%), and liver (5.7%) recurrences with/without locoregional therapy (LRT), and had greater survival compared to LRT alone (n=81) or systemic/supportive care (n=89/54) [30 vs. 15.5 vs. 12/3 months, p<0.001; Fig1B). Surgically treated patients differed in clinicopathologic characteristics and had improved five-year post-LT survival compared to non-surgically treated patients (50.5% vs 22%,p<0.001; Fig1C). Independent predictors of post-recurrence survival included time-to-recurrence >12 months from LT (HR=0.495,p< 0.001), multinodularity (HR=1.69, p=0.001), AFP at recurrence [200-1000 ng/mL HR=1.51, >1000 ng/mL HR=2.55 (p<0.001)], recurrence site [extrahepatic HR=0.54, intra/extrahepatic HR=0.96 (p=0.01)], and treatment modality (vs. systemic therapy alone) including surgery (HR=0.65, p=0.03), LRT (HR=0.70, p=0.08), and supportive care (HR 4.30, p<0.001).
*Conclusions: In the largest analysis of post-LT recurrent HCC, we identify important predictors of post-recurrence survival. Surgical management was strongly associated with improved survival in a subset of well-selected patients, and should be pursued if feasible.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Tabrizian P, Halazun KJ, Holzner ML, Mehta N, Yao FY, Roberts J, Emond JC, Samstein B, Brown RS, Florman S, Schwartz ME, Doyle MM, Chapman WC, Najjar M, Busuttil RW, Agopian VG. Treatment Modality Affects Outcomes of Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma Following Liver Transplantation: A US Multicenter Analysis of 2786 Patients [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/treatment-modality-affects-outcomes-of-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-following-liver-transplantation-a-us-multicenter-analysis-of-2786-patients/. Accessed September 27, 2021.
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