Session Time: 4:30pm-6:00pm
Presentation Time: 4:42pm-4:54pm
Background: Macrophage subtype polarization has been suggested as a key player related to kidney fibrosis. Moreover, myofibroblast, the principal cells that produce extracellular matrix in fibrosis, are originated from macrophage-myofibroblast transition (MMT). We investigated the phenotypic skewing of macrophage and myofibroblast by sulfatide-selective type II NKT cells and its impact on kidney fibrosis.
Methods: To elucidate the impact of activated type II NKT cells on phenotypic switch of M1/M2 macrophages and interstitial fibrosis, sulfatide-selective type II NKT cells from B6.Jα281-/- mice were isolated and co-cultured with primary cultured proximal epithelial cells. In addition, for in vivo study, sulfatide [20 or 40[mu]g/300[mu]l IV] was injected one hour before unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) operation to B6 mouse. Subsequently, total cellular RNA was extracted to analyze changes in transcript expression levels using quantitative real-time PCR and microarray. Furthermore, the proportion of infiltrated αSMA+/CD206+ double positive cells in UUO kidney was compared according to application of sulfatide.
Results: Severity of renal fibrosis and the proportion of αSMA+/CD206+ double positive cells were attenuated after sulfatide injection. At the same time, sulfatide reduced senescence, shown by decreased levels of SA-β-Gal. Sulfatide stimulated polarization from M2 to M1 accompanying by increased iNOS, STAT1, SOCS3 and decreased arginase, STAT3. Pro-fibrotic transcripts, fibronectin and TGFβ, were decreased when sulfatide-selective type II NKT cells were added. Moreover, the expression level of NGAL and IL-1β, a marker of kidney damage and inflammation, was attenuated. At the same time, diminution of immunologic transcripts, such as CD44, CCL5, CCL9, and macrophage mannose receptor 1, were also observed.
Conclusion: Sulfatide-selective NKT cell mediates macrophage polarization skewing from M2 to M1 macrophage via switching on STAT1 resulting in ameliorating renal fibrosis. Infiltration of myofibroblast cells co-expressing M2 marker are also decreased by sulfatide accompanying by reduced fibrosis. Inducing the polarization of macrophages by modulation of NKT cells can be suggested as therapeutic target for curbing fibrosis.
CITATION INFORMATION: Lee S, Yu M.-Y, Kim Y, Yang S, Han S, Lee H, Lee J, Kim D, Kim Y. Sulfatide-Selective NKT Cells Mediate M2 to M1 Polarization Resulting in Amelioration of Kidney Fibrosis. Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Lee S, Yu M-Y, Kim Y, Yang S, Han S, Lee H, Lee J, Kim D, Kim Y. Sulfatide-Selective NKT Cells Mediate M2 to M1 Polarization Resulting in Amelioration of Kidney Fibrosis. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2017; 17 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/sulfatide-selective-nkt-cells-mediate-m2-to-m1-polarization-resulting-in-amelioration-of-kidney-fibrosis/. Accessed November 30, 2020.
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