Date: Saturday, May 30, 2020
Session Time: 3:15pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-4:00pm
*Purpose: In this study, we examined the quantitative significance of humoral immunity by flow-cytometric crossmatch using molecules of equivalent soluble fluorochromosome (FCXM-MESF) in recipients of kidney transplantation. We stratified the recipients into four sensitization classes, from non-sensitized to strongly sensitized by the results of the FCXM-MESF assay, and compared the pathological results after transplantation by the sensitization status.
*Methods: We stratified 140 recipients into four groups according to their sensitization status, as follows; none/NDSA, defined by FCXM-MESF values of below the cut-off value (n=79), mildly sensitized, defined by FCXM-MESF values of less than 3000 (N=45); moderately sensitized, defined by FCXM-MESF values of between 3000 and 8000 (N=12); strongly sensitized, defined by FCXM-MESF values exceeding 8000 (N=4).
*Results: We employed tailor-made immunosuppressive regimens according to the FCXM-MESF values for the 140 recipients between 2009 and 2011. In regard to the pathological results, 4% (2/51), 3% (1/35), 20% (2/10) and 75% (3/4) of the none /Non Donor Specific Antibody (NDSA), mildly sensitized, moderately sensitized and strongly sensitized patients showed antibody mediated rejection (AMR). Thus, FCXM may be more useful for the detection of anti-non-HLA as well as for that of anti-HLA antibodies than the solid phase assay (SPA) or panel reactive antibody (PRA) assay.
*Conclusions: Quantitative analysis using FCXM-MESF assay accurately reflected the clinical as well as pathological aspects, and may serve as a useful guide for the selection of appropriate anti-rejection therapy.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Ishida H, Furusawa M, Shimizu T, Okumi M, Kakuta Y, Omoto K, Tanabe K. Quantitative Analysis of Humoral Immunity by Flow-Cytometric Crossmatch Using Molecules of Equivalent Soluble Fluorochromosome (FCXM-MESF) [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/quantitative-analysis-of-humoral-immunity-by-flow-cytometric-crossmatch-using-molecules-of-equivalent-soluble-fluorochromosome-fcxm-mesf/. Accessed June 15, 2021.
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