Date: Tuesday, May 2, 2017
Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall D1
Background: Simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT) remains as the gold standard for patients with chronic renal and liver diseases. Pre-transplant donor-specific antibody (DSA) to class I antigens have been shown to decrease following SLKT; whereas, DSA to class II antigens may remain detrimental to long term graft survival.
Methods: We analyzed a cohort of SLKT performed at our institution from 2011 to 2016. We ran both flow and cytotoxic crossmatches pre-transplant and crossmatch positive samples were rerun in the post transplant period. We monitored for DSA both pre and post transplant using a single antigen bead assay. (One Lambda)
Results: There were 25 SLKT performed, of which 9 had pre-formed DSA (three class I and II DSA, four class I DSA only, two class II only). Strong donor specific anti-HLA antibodies were eliminated following SLKT for class I and II specificities while preserving anti-HLA antibodies against antigens that were not expressed on the donor. The presence of DSA lead to five positive flow cytometry crossmatches of which three were cytotoxic crossmatch positive. Repeat crossmatching with recipient serum post SLKT was found to be negative which correlated with the sharp decrease in DSA MFI detectable in recipient serum. Whether DSA in recipient serum was against class I, II or both antigens there was no significant difference in one-year patient or graft survival.
Conclusion: The liver was able to minimize the impact of DSA in our cohort of SLKT recipients. Given the high priority SLK patients receive, having strong DSA with a positive XM result should not be a contraindication to transplant.
CITATION INFORMATION: Jindra P, Stacie G, Rana A, O'Mahony C, Goss J, Bhamidipati M, Whiston E, Kerman R. Patient Outcomes Following the Disappearance of Donor Specific Antibody in Crossmatch Positive Simultaneous Liver-Kidney Transplant Recipients. Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Jindra P, Stacie G, Rana A, O'Mahony C, Goss J, Bhamidipati M, Whiston E, Kerman R. Patient Outcomes Following the Disappearance of Donor Specific Antibody in Crossmatch Positive Simultaneous Liver-Kidney Transplant Recipients. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2017; 17 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/patient-outcomes-following-the-disappearance-of-donor-specific-antibody-in-crossmatch-positive-simultaneous-liver-kidney-transplant-recipients/. Accessed April 15, 2021.
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