Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:20pm-6:25pm
*Purpose: Lower patient survival has been observed in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients who go on to receive a kidney transplant. This study aimed to assess the post-transplant outcomes of SCD kidney transplant recipients in the contemporary era.
*Methods: We used the OPTN/UNOS database to identify first-time kidney transplant recipients from 2010 through 2019. We compared patient and allograft survival between recipients with SCD vs. all other diagnoses (non-SCD) as the reported cause of end-stage kidney disease. We examined whether post-transplant outcomes improved among SCD in the recent era (2010-2019), compared to the early era (2000-2009).
*Results: This study included 105 SCD and 146,325 non-SCD kidney transplant recipients. SCD recipients were younger, more likely to be female, African-American, and have a lower body mass index. They were more likely to have a higher panel reactive antibody and be on dialysis at the time of transplant. Five-year death-censored graft survival in SCD was lower than non-SCD recipients (71% vs. 89%; p<0.001), whereas five-year patient survival was comparable between two groups (83% vs. 87%; p=0.12). After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics, SCD was significantly associated with lower patient survival (HR 2.87; 95% CI 1.75-4.68, p<0.001) and death-censored graft survival (HR 1.98; 95% CI 1.30-3.01, p=0.001), compared to non-SCD recipients. When we further investigated outcomes, compared to recipients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and glomerular disease as a cause for their end-stage kidney disease, SCD was significantly associated with lower patient survival and death-censored graft survival. There were no differences in patient survival (p=0.61), and death-censored graft survival (p=0.38) of SCD recipients in the recent and early era.
*Conclusions: Patient and allograft survival in SCD kidney recipients were worse than recipients with other diagnoses. The outcomes of SCD in the recent era did not improve from the early era. Thus, there is an urgent need for scientific research on interventions to improve post-transplant outcomes of SCD kidney transplant recipients.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Leeaphorn N, Thongprayoon C, Jadlowiec C, Chewcharat A, Hansrivijit P, Katari S, Vaitla P, Cummings L, Cooper M, Cheungpasitporn W. Outcomes of Kidney Transplant Recipients With Sickle Cell Disease: An Analysis of the 2000-2019 UNOS/OPTN Database [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2021; 21 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/outcomes-of-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-sickle-cell-disease-an-analysis-of-the-2000-2019-unos-optn-database/. Accessed June 11, 2021.
« Back to 2021 American Transplant Congress