Date: Saturday, May 30, 2020
Session Time: 3:15pm-4:45pm
Presentation Time: 4:03pm-4:15pm
*Purpose: Insufficient data are available about patient survival following different treatments for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after primary hepatectomy. We retrospectively evaluated the effects of different treatment modalities on long-term survival.
*Methods: Between 2005 and 2011, 515 hepatectomy patients who developed recurrence within the Milan criteria (MC) were grouped by treatment modality into transarterial chemoembolization(TACE), radiofrequency ablation(RFA), percutaneous ethanol injection(PEI), liver re-resection(RR), living donor liver transplantation(LDLT), and combination of TACE and RFA (TACE-RFA) group.
*Results: Disease-free survival and patient survival after first HCC recurrence were compared according to treatment strategies. TACE (n=230, 44.7%), RFA (n=171, 33.2%), PEI (n=35, 6.8%), RR (n=45, 8.7%), salvage LDLT (n=21, 4.1%), and TACE-RFA (n=13, 2.5%) were all used as the first treatment in recurrent HCC within the MC. The disease-free survival curve from 1st HCC recurrence in the PEI group was lower than in the other groups (P=0.003). The RR, salvage LDLT, and TACE-RFA groups showed good long-term prognosis. The patient survival rate at 3 years after 1st HCC recurrence was 45.2% in TACE, 51.7% in RFA, 39.8% in PEI, 38.2% in RR, 81.4% in salvage LDLT, and 80.8% in the TACE-RFA group. Thus, the patient survival curve in the salvage LDLT and TACE-RFA groups was higher than in the other groups (P=0.04).
*Conclusions: Long-term outcomes for patients with recurrent HCC within the MC do not differ with the first treatment strategies, except for PEI. Salvage LDLT does not prevent HCC recurrence, but it increases patient survival compared with the other treatment strategies.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Kim J, Yi N, Choi G, Kwon CD, Lee K, Suh K, Joh J. Living Donor Liver Transplantation Should Be Considered Cautiously in Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma within the Milan Criteria after Curative Liver Resection [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/living-donor-liver-transplantation-should-be-considered-cautiously-in-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-the-milan-criteria-after-curative-liver-resection/. Accessed June 11, 2021.
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