Session Name: All Infections (Excluding Kidney & Viral Hepatitis)
Session Date & Time: None. Available on demand.
*Purpose: Infections in cirrhotic patients are associated with an increased risk of liver-related complications (LRC) and mortality. Limited data regarding the prevalence of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in cirrhotic patients’ awaiting liver transplantation (LT) are available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Sars-cov2 in a cohort of cirrhotic patients and its impact on LRC rate and on LT.
*Methods: We retrospectively included 187 waitlist patients for LT from 24-January-2020 (2020-cohort) and 123 patients from 24-January-2019 (2019-cohort). All 2020-cohort patients were screened for COVID-19 symptoms with a survey. COVID-19 infection was defined by a positive PCR assay for SARS-CoV-2 on nasopharyngeal swab or the positivity for specific antibodies or typical lung lesions on CT scan. We also assessed the indirect impact of Sars-Cov2 infection on LRC and LT rate, estimated by competitive risk survival analyses in 2020-cohort vs. 2019-cohort (Fine and Gray method).
*Results: In 2020-cohort, 72.7% (n=136) of patients were male with mean age of 55.5±12, 47.2% (n=85) patients have alcohol and/or NASH related cirrhosis, with a median MELD score of 14.1±7.4. 45.5% (n=71), 38.5% (n=60) and 14.8% (n=23) of patients were A, B and C for Child-Pugh-score, respectively. 172 patients responded to survey and 22% (n= 38) had symptoms. 20/38 patients were tested for Sars-Cov2 and 4 patients were positive. 3/4 patients with COVID-19 disease needed hospitalization and 1 intensive care support. No death was reported and 1 patient was LT. The 2020-cohort and 2019-cohort were comparable for sex (p=0,6), age (p=0.7), comorbidities (p=0.2) and Child-Pugh-score (p=0.2). The cumulative incidence of LRC was not significantly higher in the 2020-cohort vs. 2019-cohort (SHR 0.65, 95% CI 0.36-1.15, p=0.138). The cumulative incidence of LT was significantly lower in the 2020-cohort than in the 2019-cohort (SHR0.21, 95% CI 0.13-0.33, p<0.001).
*Conclusions: Our study reported a low prevalence rate of Sars-Cov2 infection in a cohort of cirrhotic patients waiting for LT. No Sars-Cov2 infection direct or indirect impact on mortality and LRC rate was reported. However, a significant shortage of LT was found in 2020 cohort.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Sessa A, Mazzola A, Granger B, Wakselman D, Atif M, Martinez V, Maxime MMallet, Thabut D, Scatton O, Conti F. Impact of Sars-cov-2 Infection in Waiting List for Liver Transplantation: A Cohort Study on Clinical Outcomes [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2021; 21 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/impact-of-sars-cov-2-infection-in-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation-a-cohort-study-on-clinical-outcomes/. Accessed December 7, 2021.
« Back to 2021 American Transplant Congress