Session Name: Poster Session D: Kidney: Acute Rejection
Session Type: Poster Session
Date: Tuesday, May 5, 2015
Session Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Location: Exhibit Hall E
It is widely recognized that a positive allogeneic crossmatch (+alloXM) due to pre-existing human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies is associated with early rejection episodes. However, the significance of +alloXM due to non-HLA antibodies remains poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to compare graft outcomes at 1 year in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) with +alloXM due to non-HLA antibodies to those with a negative allogeneic crossmatch (-alloXM). RTRs from 5/2007 to 9/2013 were reviewed. Patients that received desensitization, those with +alloXM due to HLA antibodies, and +alloXM patients with positive autologous crossmatch (+autoXM) or missing +autoXM results were excluded. The overall incidence of +alloXM was 68/876 (8%). T-cell crossmatch was positive in 53 cases and B-cell crossmatch in 42; both were positive in 21 patients. Baseline demographics are below; the +alloXM group was younger, predominantly female, with higher rates of retransplant and sensitized recipients. Rates of delayed graft function were similar (4% vs 8%, p=0.3). Allogeneic crossmatch results did not impact acute rejection (AR) at 1 year (13% vs 11%, p=0.6) or median time to AR (3.2 [1.4-6.9] vs 3.3 [1.0-5.2] months, p=0.7). However, significantly higher rates of AR were observed among sensitized +alloXM patients (Fig 1). Additionally, +alloXM patients had higher rates of de novo donor specific antibody (25% vs 18%, p=0.2) and antibody-mediated rejection (6% vs 2%, p=0.05) at 1 year. One-year graft loss was comparable (3% vs 4%, p=0.7). Our data suggests that +alloXM due to pre-existing non-HLA antibodies may influence AR, particularly in sensitized patients, while maintaining similar graft survival at 1 year. The impact of non-HLA antibodies on short- and long-term graft outcomes certainly warrants further investigation.
|+alloXM (n=68)||-alloXM (n=808)||p-value|
|African American, n(%)||19(28%)||204(25%)||0.66|
|Deceased Donor, n(%)||35(51%)||484(60%)||0.17|
|Peak PRA ≥20%, n(%)||36(53%)||293(36%)||<0.01|
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Kuten S, Patel S, Land G, Eagar T, Knight R, Loucks J, Gaber L, Gaber A. Impact of Positive Crossmatch Due to Non-HLA Antibodies on Graft Outcomes in Renal Transplantation [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2015; 15 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/impact-of-positive-crossmatch-due-to-non-hla-antibodies-on-graft-outcomes-in-renal-transplantation/. Accessed December 1, 2023.
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