Session Time: 3:15pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-4:00pm
*Purpose: Thrombomodulin (TBM) is a coagulation regulatory protein which has shown a protective role against coagulation dysregulation and prevented thrombotic microangiopathy and premature loss of cardiac xenografts. We have previously reported long-term cardiac xenograft survival with human TBM gene expression on genetically engineered (GE) pig hearts along with immunosuppression that includes anti-CD40 antibody. In this study we have investigated the correlation of hTBM expression level on GE donor pig hearts with xenograft survival.
*Methods: Heterotopic and orthotopic cardiac xenotransplantation (XTx) were performed in SPF baboons from 3-gene (i.e. GTKO.CD46.hTBM; (n=7), multigene (i.e.GTKO.CD46.hTBM.EPCR.CD47.HO1; (n=2) and GTKO.CMAH-KO.TBM.EPCR.CD46.DAF; (n=2) GE pigs at NHLBI/NIH and University of Maryland, Baltimore. Recipients were treated with anti-CD20 mAb, CVF, ATG, anti CD40 mAb (clone 2C10R4) i.e. low dose for short term and high dose, MMF and tapering dose of steroids. Recipients also received continuous intravenous. heparin infusion. Xenograft survival was monitored with telemetry, echocardiography, and manual palpation. The level of hTBM gene expression on porcine endothelial cells (PAEC) and explanted heart samples were examined by quantitative real-time PCR using sybr green kit from Biorad.
*Results: Cardiac XTx were performed without any difficulty and baboons were extubated immediately following surgery and were active, eating, and generally well soon thereafter. Orthotopic cardiac xenograft survived to range from few hours to 30 days and whereas heterotopic cardiac xenograft survived up to 945 days. Quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated a variable hTBM expression (range 2 to 38 folds) on PAEC and explanted xenografts. The level of hTBM expression directly correlated (r2=0.94) with xenograft survival in both heterotopic and orthotopic cardiac XTx when 3 gene (GTKO.CD46.hTBM) porcine hearts were used. However, a strong correlation was not found between hTBM expression and graft survival when these xenografts also expressed other genes (r2=0.094) on them or recipients received low dose of anti CD40 antibody for short term (r2=0.007).
*Conclusions: These results suggest the importance of hTBM expression on graft survival and their high expression on donor pig along with a high dose of anti CD40 mAb treatment are required to prolong cardiac xenograft survival.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Singh AK, Goerlich C, Braileanu G, Hersfield A, Zhang T, Tatarov I, Lewis B, Sentz F, Ayares D, Horvath K, Kaczorowski D, Griffith B, Mohiuddin MM. Human Thrombomodulin Gene Expression on Genetically Modified Donor Pig Hearts is Correlated with Long Term Xenograft Survival [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/human-thrombomodulin-gene-expression-on-genetically-modified-donor-pig-hearts-is-correlated-with-long-term-xenograft-survival/. Accessed May 8, 2021.
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