Session Time: 2:30pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:42pm-3:54pm
Location: Room 4C-4
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a potentially fatal complication of organ transplantation characterized by abnormal proliferation of lymphoid cells in the setting of immunosuppression after transplantation. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is responsible for abnormal lymphocyte proliferation in 50–80% of PTLDs. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is the chief oncogenic protein of EBV. LMP1 can activate several cellular signal transduction pathways. Our laboratory has shown that LMP1 isolated from EBV-associated B cell lymphoma lines of PTLD patients contains gain-of-function mutations at AA212 (G-S) and AA366 (S-T) that result in sustained ERK signaling, c-Fos activation, and AP-1 activity. In this study, we asked whether these mutations, or other genetic alterations, are present in primary EBV+ PTLD tumors themselves.
DNA was isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of EBV+ PTLD tumors (n=8). Nested PCR was used to amplify LMP1, and the PCR products generated were cloned and sequenced. The presence or absence of gain-of-function mutations were assessed. 7 of 8 tumors demonstrated both gain-of-function mutations. Furthermore, 6 of 8 tumors contained an extra repeat of 8 amino acids within the LMP1 signaling tail corresponding to a putative JAK3 binding motif. We have previously identified this repeat in 3 of 6 EBV+ B cell lymphoma lines from PTLD patients. LMP1 was also cloned from the blood of a pediatric small bowel PTLD patient. In addition to these two mutations, this repeat was also present but in triplicate, suggesting this motif may be crucial to the oncogenic activity of LMP1. In order to assess host cell mutations in EBV+ PTLD tumors, a qBiomarker Mutation PCR array was performed for the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, known to be important in human malignancies. There were significantly more mutations in the primary tumors, with 25 distinct mutations found within the PTEN, PI3K, and STK11 molecules. 3 distinct mutations were identified in more than 1 tumor, and 4 distinct mutations were shared between a cell line and tumor.
Our findings clearly demonstrate that key gain-of-function mutations in LMP1 detected in blood and cell lines are also detected in the primary tumor, suggesting a role in tumorigenesis and great potential as biomarkers of EBV+ PTLD. Moreover, host cell mutations may also contribute to dysregulation of key signal transduction pathways in EBV+ PTLD.
CITATION INFORMATION: Balachandran Y., McPherson M., Boyd S., Esquivel C., Krams S., Martinez O. Characterization of Viral and Host Cell Genomic Alterations in EBV+ PTLD Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Balachandran Y, McPherson M, Boyd S, Esquivel C, Krams S, Martinez O. Characterization of Viral and Host Cell Genomic Alterations in EBV+ PTLD [abstract]. https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/characterization-of-viral-and-host-cell-genomic-alterations-in-ebv-ptld/. Accessed November 21, 2019.
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