Backbrounds.Improving islet graft revascularization and inhibiting rejection become crucial tasks for prolonging islet graft survival. Endothelial cells (ECs) are the basis of islet vascularization and Sertoli cells (SCs) have the talent to provide nutritional support and exert immunosuppressive effects. Methods. We construct a combined strategy of ECs coating in the presence of nutritious and immune factors supplied by SCs in a co-culture system to investigate the effect of vascularization and rejection inhibition for islet graft. Results. In vivo, the combined strategy significangtly improves islet graft survival form 5.2±1.14 to 57.6±3.91 days, blood glucose levels of recipients and promotes insulin release, vascularization of graft as well as inhibited CD4+, CD8+ T lymphocytes and inflammatory cytokines levels of IL-2, IFN-Γ and IL-4. In vitro, we found the combinatorial strategy improved the stimulated index (SI) of islets and the effect of ECs-coating on islets. Combined strategy treated islets revealed higher levels of anti-apoptotic signal molecules (Bcl-2 and HSP-32), survival and function related molecules (PDX-1, Ki-67, ERK1/2 and Akt) and demonstrated increased vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (KDR) and angiogenesis signal molecules (FAk and PLC-Γ) compared untreated or single treated islets. SCs effectively inhibited the activation of lymphocyte stimulated by islets and ECs. Predominantly immunosuppressive cytokines could be detected in culture supernatants of the SCs coculture group. Conclusion. These results suggest that ECs-coating and Sertoli cells co-culture or infusion synergistically enhance islet survival and function after transplantation.
|Group||n||Treatment||Graft survival (days)||Mean survival Time(days)|
|C||10||Sertoli cells infusion||28,33,39,27,31,25,29,30,30,26||29.8±1.27*#|
|D||10||ECs-coated islets +Sertoli cells infusion||47,55,68,81,40,50,70,49,56,60||57.6±3.91*#^|
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Li Y, Xue W, Tian X, Ding X, Feng X, Wang X, Tian P, Zheng J, Ding C, Pan X. Vascularization Improvement and Rejection Protection in Rat Islet Transplantation by Endothelial Cells Coating and Sertoli Cells Coculture [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2013; 13 (suppl 5). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/vascularization-improvement-and-rejection-protection-in-rat-islet-transplantation-by-endothelial-cells-coating-and-sertoli-cells-coculture/. Accessed October 30, 2020.
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