Date: Monday, May 4, 2015
Session Name: Poster Session C: Disparities in Healthcare Access
Session Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-6:30pm
Location: Exhibit Hall E
Access to kidney transplantation (KTx) before initiation of dialysis is associated with improved patient and graft survival, enhanced quality of life, and decreased hospital readmissions following KTx. While national data have shown racial disparities in access to waitlisting and KTx, it is currently unknown if these disparities exist with preemptive referral to KTx.
We linked data from the Reducing Disparities In Access to kidNey Transplantation (RaDIANT) Community Study cohort of 8,573 incident adult end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients referred for KTx to any of the three Georgia (GA) transplant centers in 2005-2012 to United States Renal Data System data to determine time from start of ESRD treatment to first referral. Preemptive referral was defined as referral date occurring before ESRD start. Logistic regression determined the patient factors associated with preemptive KTx referral.
Among those referred, 1,781 (20.8%) were referred preemptively. Patients with preemptive referrals were more likely to be waitlisted (44.8%) and receive a KTx (19.8%) compared to patients with non-preemptive referrals (28.4% and 8.6% respectively) (p<0.0001) (Figure). Multivariable logistic regression showed that African Americans were 39% (OR=0.61 95% CI 0.53, 0.69) less likely to be preemptively referred for KTx compared to whites. Women were 22% (OR=1.22; 95% CI 1.08, 1.38) more likely than men to be preemptively referred while individuals with heart disease (vs. no heart disease) were less likely to be preemptively referred .
In Georgia, we found that African Americans are less likely to be preemptively referred for KTx than whites. Overall, preemptively referred patients were significantly more likely to receive a KTx than patients referred after starting dialysis. Collection of national referral data will be necessary to examine whether these results are generalizable across the United States
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Gander J, Plantinga L, Basu M, Sauls L, Pastan S, Gibney E, Mulloy L, Patzer R. Racial Disparities in Preemptive Kidney Transplant Referrals in Georgia: Data from the RaDIANT Community Study [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2015; 15 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/racial-disparities-in-preemptive-kidney-transplant-referrals-in-georgia-data-from-the-radiant-community-study/. Accessed April 15, 2021.
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