A longitudinal study on non-HLA antibodies (abs) showed a higher risk of graft failure (gf) in the presence of AT1R abs. The aim of the present study was to further differentiate AT1R abs by AT1R-IgG subclasses for their impact on graft outcomes.
Methods: The study enrolled 351 patients (pts) who received kidney transplants between 1999-2009, in which 134 pts had histopathologic diagnoses (rejection group [RG]) whereas 217 pts did not (non-rejection group [NRG]). Serial sera were tested for AT1R-IgG subclasses with ELISA (CellTrend GmbH, Germany).
Results: The RG had a significantly higher rate of AT1R abs than the NRG (17% vs. 6%, P=0.001). Further examination of AT1R abs revealed that AT1R-IgG2 level was significantly higher in the NRG than in the RG (Wilcoxon P=0.001), resulting in a higher rate of AT1R abs with no AT1R-IgG2 in the RG than in the NRG (16% vs. 2%, P<0.001). Only RG pts developed AT1R-IgG1 in significant positive correlation with AT1R-IgG3 (P=0.009; r2=0.3) (Fig A). Serum creatinine levels (sCr) during histopathologic diagnosis in the presence of AT1R abs were significantly higher in the pts with both AT1R-IgG1 and IgG3 than in the pts without it (5.2±6.4 mg/dL vs. 2.9±2.5 mg/dL, P=0.02). Longitudinal analysis showed that the HLA-abs negative pts who developed AT1R-IgG1 + IgG3 with no AT1R-IgG2 had a significantly lower graft survival (P<0.001) with a higher risk of gf (HR: 5.8, P=0.006) than those who didnt (Fig B).
Conclusions: This is the first study to suggest that AT1R-IgG2 may have a protective role from graft injuries. It may explain why some AT1R abs were detectable in the pts without histopathologic evidence. On the other hand, AT1R-IgG1 + IgG3 have a negative impact on long-term graft survival.
Heidecke, H.: Other, CellTrend, Owner of CellTrend. Schulze-Forster, K.: Other, CellTrend, Co-owner of CellTrend.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Taniguchi M, Rebellato L, Cai J, Heidecke H, Schulze-Forster K, Dragun D, Hopfield J, Briley K, Haisch C, Bolin P, Parker K, Kendrick W, Kendrick S, Harland R, Terasaki P. Protective Effect of Non-HLA IgG2 and Detrimental Effect of Non-HLA IgG1 & IgG3 Against Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor (AT1R) in Kidney Transplantation [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2013; 13 (suppl 5). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/protective-effect-of-non-hla-igg2-and-detrimental-effect-of-non-hla-igg1-igg3-against-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-at1r-in-kidney-transplantation/. Accessed October 28, 2020.
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