Date: Saturday, May 30, 2020
Session Time: 3:15pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-4:00pm
*Purpose: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a life-threatening fungal infection that can occur in kidney transplantation (KT) recipients. A growing number of KT recipients are receiving perioperative treatment with rituximab, which is associated with prolonged B-cell depletion and possible risk of PCP occurrence; however, the optimal prophylaxis duration according to rituximab treatment is yet unknown. We compared the occurrence of PCP and the duration of prophylaxis in KT recipients according to rituximab treatment.
*Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 2110 patients who underwent KT between January 2009 and December 2016. The study cohort was divided into non-rituximab group (n = 1588, 75.3%) and rituximab group (n = 522, 24.7%), the latter of which was defined as recipients who had been treated with rituximab due to pre-operative desensitization or rejection treatment within 6 months after transplant.
*Results: In the rituximab group, the estimated number needed to treat (NNT) for prophylaxis prolongation from 6 to 12 months was 29.0 with a relative risk reduction of 90.0%. In the non-rituximab group, the estimated NNT value was 133.3 and the relative risk reduction was 66.4%. Rituximab treatment (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.09; P < 0.01) and acute rejection (HR = 2.19; P = 0.03) were significant risk factors for PCP in multivariate analysis.
*Conclusions: Our results suggest that maintaining PCP prophylaxis for 12 months may be beneficial in KT recipients treated with rituximab for desensitization or acute rejection treatment.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Ko Y, Kim Y, Han D, Kwon H. Pneumocystis Pneumonia Occurrence and Prophylaxis Duration in Kidney Transplant Recipients According to Perioperative Treatment with Rituximab [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/pneumocystis-pneumonia-occurrence-and-prophylaxis-duration-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-according-to-perioperative-treatment-with-rituximab/. Accessed May 8, 2021.
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