Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Hall C & D
*Purpose: Biopsy-negative rejection (BNR) is an entity where the endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) shows no findings of rejection, but there is proven cardiac dysfunction i.e. low echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction or abnormal cardiac hemodynamics. BNR has been noted both early and late after heart transplantation (HTx). It has been reported that late biopsy-proven acute rejection (both cellular and antibody rejection) has been associated with worse outcome. It is not known whether late BNR is associated with long-term adverse outcomes.
*Methods: Between 2008 and 2013, we assessed 33 HTx patients who developed BNR via the following criteria: ACR≤1R, AMR 0, cardiac dysfunction (LVEF≤40%, CI<2.0). Patients were then divided into those that developed BNR prior to 1-year post-transplant (n=23) and after 1-year post-transplant (n=10). The following 5-year subsequent endpoints were evaluated: survival, freedom from cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) as defined by stenosis ≥ 30% by angiography, and NF-MACE (myocardial infarction, new congestive heart failure, percutaneous coronary intervention, implantable cardioverter defibrillator/pacemaker implant, stroke).
*Results: Late BNR was associated with significantly reduced subsequent 5-year survival and an increase in the development of angiographic CAV compared to those with early BNR. The timing of BNR did not make a difference in the development of NF-MACE. (see Table)
*Conclusions: Late BNR in HTx is associated with poor long-term outcome. The mechanism of this rejection is not clear but represents a heightened immune response that is being missed on EMB. More aggressive augmentation of immunosuppression and/or immunomodulation are indicated in patients presenting with late BNR.
|Subsequent 5-Year Survival||87.0%||50.0%||30.0%|
|Subsequent 5-Year Freedom from CAV||82.6%||40.0%||<0.001|
|Subsequent 5-Year Freedom from NF-MACE||47.8%||30.0%||0.369|
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Kittleson M, Patel J, Kransdorf E, Dimbil S, Levine R, Kobashigawa JA. Outcome Of Late Biopsy-negative Rejection After Heart Transplantation [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/outcome-of-late-biopsy-negative-rejection-after-heart-transplantation/. Accessed September 24, 2021.
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