Session Time: 3:15pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:30pm-4:00pm
*Purpose: Potential kidney donors who actively smoke heavily or had intermittent illegal drug use (IIDU) are mostly excluded from donating a kidney. Tobacco use in kidney donor has been linked to worse outcomes for donors and while less evidence exist for IIDU as they mostly excluded from donation. We conducted a short survey about the suitability of these marginal living kidney donors. The purpose of this survey is to form a consensus on live kidney donor with using smoking or illegal drugs.
*Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey of nephrologists and transplant surgeons about suitability and acceptance of marginal live kidney donors. We asked physicians about accepting kidney donors who are actively smoking or using illegal drugs. The survey was mainly distributed through AST and ERA-EDTA. The role of these organization is limited to facilitate the distribution of the survey as an external study. We excluded in-training nephrologists or transplant surgeons.
*Results: One hundred twenty-two physicians from 22 countries (80% nephrologists and 20% transplant surgeons (TS)) participated in the survey. Most physicians were experienced in pre-transplant evaluation (72% over 6 years’ experience and 68.5% of responders perform donors’ evaluation on weekly or monthly bases). Interestingly, most physicians would allow donation in active smoker with advice to quit later (56.2%) (62% of nephrologists versus only 29% of TS (p=0.002). TS would decline active smoker patients than nephrologists (42% versus 25%, p=0.09). Less physicians considered donors with IDU (after psychiatric counselling) than active smoking (30% versus 56.2%, p=0.00003). There was no difference in acceptance rate for donors with IIDU between TS and nephrologists (33.3% versus 29% respectively, p=NS) or in declining these donors (37.5% versus 45.3%, p=0.4). TS would accept more active smokers to donate if no alternative donor available than nephrologists (29.2% vs. 12.3%, p=0.04) but not IDU (29.2% vs. 25.8%, p=ns).
*Conclusions: Active heavy smoking and intermittent illegal drug use are not viewed as solo contraindications for kidney donation by most physicians. Nephrologists and TS did not differ in attitude regarding donors with IIDU. Nephrologist seems more confident to accept donors who are actively smoking with advice to quit afterward while TS would accept them more if no alternative donor available or would decline them completely.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Arabi Z, Hamad A, Kaysi S, Bukhari M. Multi- National Survey among Nephrologists & Transplant Surgeons about the Suitability and Acceptance of the Marginal Live Kidney Donors with Active Heavy Smoking or Intermittent Drug Abuse [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2020; 20 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/multi-national-survey-among-nephrologists-transplant-surgeons-about-the-suitability-and-acceptance-of-the-marginal-live-kidney-donors-with-active-heavy-smoking-or-intermittent-drug-abuse/. Accessed November 29, 2020.
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