Date: Sunday, June 2, 2019
Session Time: 2:30pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:42pm-3:54pm
Location: Ballroom A
*Purpose: Over 100,000 candidates await a kidney transplant on the national United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) waitlist. Among these candidates, one-third have pre-formed antibodies against human leukocyte antigens (HLA). These patients fall under the category of high-risk kidney transplantation compared to non-sensitized patients. Those patients: 1) undergoing ABO incompatible kidney transplantation; 2) with donor specific antibodies; 3) with a low level of non-specific antibodies; or 4) with a prior transplant/s also fall into this category. Our objective was to demonstrate that our unique Bortezomib based desensitization protocol could be an effective induction therapy among high-risk kidney transplant candidates to reduce delayed graft function and acute antibody mediated rejections. Our hypothesis is that humoral responses have been an underappreciated culprit in both delayed graft function and as an interface with cell mediated rejection responses. Bortezomib’s anti-humoral mechanism we believe to be an important adjunct in the immunosuppressive armamentarium.
*Methods: A total of 126 patients underwent deceased donor kidney transplants at our center between 01/01/2015 and 04/23/2018. Of these, 65 patients received Bortezomib based induction therapy as they were high-risk candidates. All patients were given maintenance immunosuppression with Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil and Prednisone as per standard of care, regardless of their risk stratification. The outcomes were assessed based on: 1) occurrence of delayed graft function; 2) presence of protocol biopsy proven rejection; and 3) graft survival. Using UNOS data, we performed a propensity score analysis to extract high-risk transplant recipients from the SRTR national transplant database who are similar to the recipients who received the Bortezomib based induction therapy at out center. Logistic regression and survival analyses were performed to compare the outcomes between the intervention and matched sample.
*Results: The Bortezomib based desensitization therapy was effective (p=0.01) in the matched sample analysis. Adjusting for the common covariates and the propensity score, those recipients who received the therapy were about 36% less likely to experience a delayed graft function.
*Conclusions: We conclude that our Bortezomib based desensitization/induction therapy decreases delayed graft function in high-risk kidney transplant recipients. We believe that this will impact very favorably on the long-term graft and patient survival.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Mahendran K, Koizumi N, Melancon JK. Bortezomib Based Induction Therapy Decreases Delayed Graft Function in High Risk Kidney Transplantation [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2019; 19 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/bortezomib-based-induction-therapy-decreases-delayed-graft-function-in-high-risk-kidney-transplantation/. Accessed June 12, 2021.
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