Date: Sunday, June 12, 2016
Session Name: Poster Session B: Disparities in Access and Outcomes
Session Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Presentation Time: 6:00pm-7:00pm
Location: Halls C&D
Background: Although social support is used to determine eligibility, the relationship between social support and medication nonadherence remains unclear. We examined the predictive value of social support for medication nonadherence.
Methods: Ten databases (e.g.PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Cochrane) were searched from inception through 2015. Selected studies investigated the association between social support and medication nonadherence (self-report, electronic, lab values, physician reported). Social support included marital status, received, or perceived support. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed study quality. Odds ratios and correlations were calculated. Effect sizes were pooled using random effects model.
Results: The 20 eligible studies included 3529 participants, 6 prospective and 14 retrospective (published 1993 -2015). The sample sizes varied from 37 to 544. Follow-up time ranged from 6 to 84 months post-transplant. Eleven studies examined marital status and nonadherence (OR=1.50; CI: 1.19, 1.89). Associations varied by organ: heart (OR=2.14; CI 1.03, 4.45), kidney (OR=1.74; CI: 1.28, 2.38); and liver (OR=1.13; CI 0.85, 1.50). Eighteen studies examined social support and nonadherence (OR=1.06; CI: 0.98, 1.15). Associations varied by organ: heart (OR=1.22; CI 0.99, 1.51), kidney (OR=1.29, CI: 0.93, 1.79), and liver (OR=1.31; CI 0.92, 1.86).
Limitations: Observational studies and heterogeneity in definitions and assessments.
Conclusion: Marital status increased adherence modestly, whereas received and perceived social support were non-predictive of medication nonadherence post-transplantation. Use of social support as a contraindication should be re-examined.
CITATION INFORMATION: Ladin K, Daniels A, Osani M, Bannuru R. Does Social Support Predict Clinical Outcomes Post-Transplantation? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Am J Transplant. 2016;16 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Ladin K, Daniels A, Osani M, Bannuru R. Does Social Support Predict Clinical Outcomes Post-Transplantation? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2016; 16 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/does-social-support-predict-clinical-outcomes-post-transplantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis/. Accessed January 25, 2021.
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