Date: Monday, June 13, 2016
Session Time: 4:30pm-6:00pm
Presentation Time: 5:30pm-5:42pm
Location: Room 311
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the development and molecular mechanisms of bile duct (BD) damage between organ retrieval and transplantation and its clinical relevance for patients.
Methods: Common BD samples after donor hepatectomy, cold storage and reperfusion were compared to healthy controls by H&E staining, immunohistochemistry (IH) for tight junction proteins (TJ), cytokeratin, e-cadherin, laminin, CD4, CD8 and CD14 and by global mRNA expression using Microarray technique.Bacterial infiltration was determined by FISH for bacterial antigens. Further, a BD damage score (BDDS) to quantify biliary epithelial injury was developed and correlated with recipient and donor data and patient outcome.
Results: Patients with major BD damage after cold storage, as quantified by the newly developed BDDS, had a significantly increased risk of biliary complications (p<0.0001) and graft loss (p=0.0004). After cold storage (p=0.0119) and even more after reperfusion (P=0.0002), epithelial damage categorized by the BDDS was markedly increased, and TJs were detected with inappropriate morphology. mRNA expression levels of adherens-junctions (q=0.003) and focal-adhesion-molecules (q=0.04) in damaged BDs without biliary complications were increased compared to damaged BD with biliary complications reflecting increased regenerative capacity of the biliary epithelium in the first group. Consecutively, IH showed significantly increased cytokeratin, e-cadherin and laminin expression in this group. FISH analysis demonstrated equal distribution of bacterial infiltration of BDs, however, mRNA analysis detected induced antibacterial immune response (q=0.00084) and phagocytosis (q=0.04) in BDs with enhanced epithelial regenerative capacity corroborating with significantly increased CD4+ and CD8+ cell-mediated adaptive immune response.
Conclusions: In many cases, the common BD epithelium shows considerable damage after cold ischemia with further damage occurring after reperfusion. The extent of epithelial damage can be quantified by our newly developed BDDS and is a prognostic parameter for biliary complications and graft loss. Following BD damage during cold storage, functional regenerative capacity of the biliary epithelium and enhanced local adaptive antibacterial immune response are able to rescue BDs and prevent biliary complications after liver transplantation.
CITATION INFORMATION: Brunner S, Junger H, Schlitt H, Fichtner-Feigl S. Biliary Epithelial Damage, Regenerative Capacity and Local Immune Response After Cold Storage of DBD Livers Determine Biliary Complications After Liver Transplantation. Am J Transplant. 2016;16 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Brunner S, Junger H, Schlitt H, Fichtner-Feigl S. Biliary Epithelial Damage, Regenerative Capacity and Local Immune Response After Cold Storage of DBD Livers Determine Biliary Complications After Liver Transplantation. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2016; 16 (suppl 3). https://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/biliary-epithelial-damage-regenerative-capacity-and-local-immune-response-after-cold-storage-of-dbd-livers-determine-biliary-complications-after-liver-transplantation/. Accessed November 20, 2019.
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