Date: Tuesday, May 2, 2017
Session Time: 2:30pm-4:00pm
Presentation Time: 3:06pm-3:18pm
The rising prevalence of end-stage renal disease and chronic organ shortage calls more people upon to consider living kidney donation. The benefits for recipients and the relative low risk for donors have been well documented. The risks of impaired quality of life and particularly symptoms of fatigue, however, remain less well understood and dampen the enthusiasm.
We hypothesized that left-sided donor nephrectomy predisposes donors to symptoms of fatigue due to impaired blood supply of the left adrenal gland. We analyzed 356 living kidney donors from 1998 to 2013, and aimed to address the impact of donation on physical health and quality of life using the standardized SF-8 questionnaire. In addition, we prospectively followed 27 living kidney donors 2014/2015 for symptoms of fatigue. Morning cortisol and ACTH levels were performed at baseline, +1 week, and +6 months post donation. Data were compared between right- and left-sided donation.
The response rate amounted to 90.2%. Using a standardized quality of life score, left-sided donors showed a significant worse quality of life compared to right-sided donors (p=0.037). Left-sided donors were more likely to develop symptoms of fatigue and less likely to develop hypertension (p<0.05). Donors with symptoms of fatigue were more likely to be younger and have physically and mentally demanding jobs (p<0.05).
Among our prospectively followed donors we identified 4/11 left-sided donors with self-reported fatigue symptoms compared with 1/16 right-sided donors. No differences were observed for morning cortisol and ACTH levels between right-sided and left sided donors at baseline (p>0.05). However, right-sided donors were more likely to show stable morning cortisol levels from pre to +6 months post donation, while left-sided donors showed a decline of morning cortisol levels (p<0.05). While 5/16 right-sided donors developed hypertension post donation, no left-sided donor developed hypertension (p=0.059).
Our results strongly indicate that the side of donor nephrectomy impacts quality of life in long-term follow-up. Impaired function of the left adrenal gland due to transection of adrenal vessels may result in latent adrenal insufficiency with symptoms of fatigue and less hypertension. The impact of side-selection may greatly influence donor education and the surgical approach to donor nephrectomy.
CITATION INFORMATION: Schachtner T, Reinke P. Left-Sided Donor Nephrectomy Predisposes Living Kidney Donors to Latent Adrenal Insufficiency with Symptoms of Fatigue and Inferior Quality of Life. Am J Transplant. 2017;17 (suppl 3).
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Schachtner T, Reinke P. Left-Sided Donor Nephrectomy Predisposes Living Kidney Donors to Latent Adrenal Insufficiency with Symptoms of Fatigue and Inferior Quality of Life. [abstract]. Am J Transplant. 2017; 17 (suppl 3). http://atcmeetingabstracts.com/abstract/left-sided-donor-nephrectomy-predisposes-living-kidney-donors-to-latent-adrenal-insufficiency-with-symptoms-of-fatigue-and-inferior-quality-of-life/. Accessed February 20, 2018.
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